In pre-War World II days, Philippine brides carried imitation orange blossoms (azahar) in their bouquets or wore them as crowns over their veils. The head wreath is a relic of Greek and Roman times when the corona nuptials indicated triumph. The orange plant like its cousins – the native dalanghita, dalandan and calamansi – are evergreen and symbolize fecundity (abundance).
Among Ifugao brides, the bridal “bouquet” is also a fertility talisman – thus she carries a small smoking bundle of rice straw on the second day of the marriage feast. As she deposits some of her “bouquet” at ritual sites, she utters a prayer for many children and economic sufficiency.
Alvina, C. & Sta. Maria, F. 1987. Essays on Philippine Culture.